Added 10 months ago | 00:01:53 | 4352 views
Elizabeth Stuart used ciphers, special codes that need a key to unlock them, to hide information from prying eyes. So far seven of her keys, typically alphabets of 24 letters – in seventeenth-century script i/j and u/v were interchangeab...
Added 10 months ago | 00:04:43 | 3539 views
Complete with silk floss and wax, this is on of the smallest pleated letters known to exist. Keeping Amalia von Solms informed of her husband's movements required great discretion: whatever Frederick Henry, the High Commander of the Dutc...
Added 10 months ago | 00:04:45 | 3288 views
2.0g gum arabic crystals 10.0g of oak galls 2.5g iron sulfate 1. Dissolve the gum arabic in water making a light, sticky solution, set aside. 2. Crush two galls (they look like nuts) with a hammer. Place them in a litre beaker and co...
Added 10 months ago | 00:04:28 | 2842 views
Amalia’s letter to Eleonore de Volvire is one of condolence, as Eleonore’s husband, François de l’Aubespine (1584-1670), Marquis de Hauterive-Châteauneuf and governor of Breda since 1639, has just died. The black sealing wax and black fl...
Added 10 months ago | 00:06:06 | 2620 views
Writing an early modern letter was often a co-operative enterprise, and a queen might just as well delegate the entire job to her secretary as dictate it to him. Here Sir Francis prepares a letter for Elizabeth's approval, writing the co...
Added 27 days ago | 00:06:10 | 1112 views
Giambattista della Porta's "Magiae Naturalis" (1558; 1644 ed. Book 16-Chapter IV) and Thomas Lupton’s “A Thousand Notable Things” (1579) give a step by step description how to secrete letters in eggs: "To put a Shedule, or lytle wrytin...
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