Books and Libraries in the Digital Age (MIT Communications Forum)
Robert Darnton, Carl H. Pforzheimer University Professor and Director of the Harvard University Library; David Thorburn, MIT Professor of Literature
MacVicar Faculty Fellow
Description: Perhaps because he is a historian rather than librarian by training, Robert Darnton regards the vast ocean of digital information that civilization has begun accumulating with relish rather than anxiety. Darnton delves into European archives to find raw material, boxes of cast"off "ephemera," for his stories of how people lived hundreds of years ago. No wonder he believes "it's important to preserve as much as you can because you don't know what will turn out to be significant."
In conversation with David Thorburn and audience members, Darnton lays out why he finds more promise than peril in rapidly expanding digital collections. He first owns up to the tactile pleasures of archival history: the sensation of opening a box full of manuscripts, dirty hands, the smell of old paper, and literally coming "into contact with vanished humanity." He cherishes the drama of such research, as well as the finished, weighty products of this kind of work: the book. While the "tactile quality of books" is very important -- and Darnton describes holding up leaves of 18th century books to see bits of ground"down petticoat thread -- there are also positive dimensions to digital versions. For instance, when the British Library digitized Beowulf, it discovered several new words. But "one medium of communication doesn't displace another," he reassures. "They coexist." Darnton himself is hard at work on a large"scale electronic book about books in the 18th century, comprised of layers a user can navigate, from essays on various subjects, to selections of documents in English, to the original documents in French. There might even be songs performed as they were sung in the streets of Paris 250 years ago. "We are in an era of creating new kinds of books, new kinds of reading and authorship."
Darnton advocates "a total history of communication by internet, by songs, jokes, graffiti -- by all of the media of any period..."and a corresponding expansion of libraries' duties. But he admits concern about the preservation of digital documents: "We migrate them through various formats, and they're not like books. They could disappear due to inadequate metadata, or "lose a few 0s and 1s, and the whole document disintegrates." He advocates keeping card catalogs, and making sure that all conceivable editions of books, manuscripts and research papers get digitized. He even supports preserving email. The "ephemera" of our times may serve as an entry point for historians of the future, and we should let the next generation find in the vast world of preserved data what they deem most significant.
About the Speaker(s): Robert Darnton was previously the Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of European History at Princeton University. A former Rhodes Scholar and MacArthur Fellow, and Chevalier of France's L_gion D'Honneur, Darnton is an internationally recognized scholar on the history of the book and the literary world of Enlightenment France. His works include George Washington's False Teeth: An Unconventional Guide to the Eighteenth Century (2003), and he is currently completing a book on the art and politics of slander in the 18th century. His earlier books include Mesmerism and the End of the Enlightenment in France (1968), The Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the Encyclop_die (1979), The Literary Underground of the Old Regime (1982), The Great Cat Massacre and Other Episodes in French Cultural History(1984), The Kiss of Lamourette: Reflections in Cultural History (1989), Revolution in Print: the Press in France 1775"1800 (1989, Daniel Roche co"editor), Edition et s_dition (1991), which won the French Prix M_dicis; Berlin Journal, 1989"1990(1991), and The Forbidden Best"Sellers of Prerevolutionary France(1995), which won the National Book Critics Circle Award.
Darnton received the Leo Gershoy Prize of the American Historical Association, the Los Angeles Times Book Prize, Princeton University's Behrman Humanities Award, the Gutenberg Prize, and the American Printing History Association Prize. Darnton is a graduate of Harvard (A.B., 1960) and Oxford (B. Phil., 1962; D.Phil., 1964).
Host(s): School of Humanities, Arts & Social Sciences, Communications Forum
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