Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Sign in | Create Account

The International Development Fair: The Human Factor at Work in the World

10/03/2008 10:30 AM Little Kresge
Amy Smith, '84, SM '95, ENG '95, Senior Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering

Description: Imagine if thousands of Amy Smiths were unleashed on the world, providing simple, ingenious inventions to make life easier for those subsisting on less than $2 a day -- half of humanity. This MacArthur Award"winning inventor has been seeding such programs at MIT, and describes tangible results of efforts to inspire students to apply innovative thinking and technology to everyday problems in the developing world.

The Designs for Developing Countries Project, the MIT Program in Developmental Entrepreneurship and D (Development)"Lab have spawned a range of initiatives, spanning the fields of public health, labor, and agriculture. In Ghana and Ecuador, MIT students are helping provide safe drinking water, with low"cost water testing methods that can be applied in the field with no electricity.

In countries like Haiti and Tibet, smoke from indoor cooking fires leads to high mortality rates among young children. Solar cookers have proven effective in some regions, but old models are very heavy and often slow to boil water in winter. So an MIT project came up with an inexpensive cooker made of canvas and Mylar, easily assembled by villagers, and highly portable _ a major selling point with nomadic communities.

Smith recounts other ventures: a bicycle pedal"powered, corn"shelling machine in Tanzania, which entrepreneurs can rent out, and which saves hours of drudgery for women who traditionally remove kernels of corn by hand; a backpack for storing hundreds of doses of vaccine that can be delivered as an inhaled powder and therefore require no refrigeration; cell phone services that allow Brazilian day laborers and bosses to vet each other in advance, and permit Indian health workers to follow up on TB patients.

Concludes Smith, "Something like 90% of the world's resources creates products and technologies that serve only the wealthiest 10% of the worlds' population. There's a revolution afoot to promote R&D to get designers to work on technologies for the other 90%."

About the Speaker(s): The first female Lemelson"MIT Student Prize winner, Amy Smith received a B.S. (1984) and an S.M. (1995) in Mechanical Engineering from MIT and is currently working toward a M.S. in Technology and Policy. She also won the National Inventor's Hall of Fame Collegiate Inventors Competition (1999). In 2001 Smith helped start the MIT IDEAS Competition to promote student innovation and inventiveness for community needs, which she currently directs.

Host(s): Vice President Resource Development, Campaign for Students: The Human Factor

Comments (0)

It looks like no one has posted a comment yet. You can be the first!

You need to log in, in order to post comments. If you don’t have an account yet, sign up now!

MIT World — special events and lectures

MIT World — special events and lectures

Category: Events | Updated over 2 years ago

Created
December 15, 2011 13:37
Category
Tags
License
All Rights Reserved (What is this?)
Additional Files


Viewed
2113 times

More from MIT World — special events and lectures

The Second Law and Energy Panel

The Second Law and Energy Panel

Added over 2 years ago | 01:30:00 | 2295 views

The Role of Civic Media in the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election

The Role of Civic Media in the 2008...

Added over 2 years ago | 01:13:00 | 2694 views

Breaking the Energy Deadlock-New Technologies for a Secure and Sustainable Energy Economy

Breaking the Energy Deadlock-New Te...

Added over 2 years ago | 00:13:46 | 1453 views

Looking Ahead to the Future of NASA

Looking Ahead to the Future of NASA

Added over 2 years ago | 00:59:47 | 4937 views

Air Safety: Nothing But Blue Skies?

Air Safety: Nothing But Blue Skies?

Added over 2 years ago | 01:19:00 | 8084 views

The Quest for Mars: Scientific and Human Destiny?

The Quest for Mars: Scientific and ...

Added over 2 years ago | 01:33:00 | 1729 views